La adaptación de las lenguas al entorno: una aproximación crítica

Palabras clave

linguistic change
language typology
adaptation cambio lingüístico
tipología lingüística

Cómo citar

Mendívil-Giró, J.-L. (2021). La adaptación de las lenguas al entorno: una aproximación crítica. Glosema. Revista Asturiana De Llingüística, 1, 139–175.


La presente aportación propone una aproximación crítica de las propuestas que postulan que la explicación de la diversidad de las lenguas se sigue de la adaptación de las mismas al entorno extralingüístico. Mostraré que, a pesar de que la comparación entre lenguas y especies naturales es sólida y razonable, la correlación entre propiedades lingüísticas y aspectos extralingüísticos es débil, esencialmente por dos razones: (I) porque buena parte de la estructura de las lenguas no es sensible al cambio lingüístico y, por tanto, no puede adaptarse a nada y (II) porque las partes de la estructura de las lenguas que sí son sensibles al cambio lingüístico en general tienen una relación muy indirecta con el entorno cultural y físico en el que se hablan.


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