Razones Para Hacer los Deberes Escolares: Identificación de Perfiles y su Asociación con el Esfuerzo Dedicado, los Deberes Completados y el Rendimiento
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Xu, J., & Núñez, J. C. (2023). Razones Para Hacer los Deberes Escolares: Identificación de Perfiles y su Asociación con el Esfuerzo Dedicado, los Deberes Completados y el Rendimiento. Psicothema, 35(2). Recuperado a partir de https://reunido.uniovi.es/index.php/PST/article/view/19745


Antecedentes: El principal objetivo de la investigación ha sido (1) identificar diferentes perfiles de estudiantes a partir de tres de sus propósitos para realizar deberes (académico, auto-regulación y de búsqueda de aprobación) y (2) analizar su relación con el esfuerzo dedicado a la realización de los deberes, la cantidad de deberes finalizados y el rendimiento en matemáticas. Método: El estudio involucró a 3,018 estudiantes de octavo grado de diferentes áreas geográficas de China. Los datos se analizaron mediante Análisis de Perfiles latentes (LPA). Resultados: Se identificaron cuatro perfiles diferentes: alto en los tres propósitos (13,39%), moderado en los tres propósitos (56,63%), bajo en los tres propósitos (26,04%) y muy bajo en los tres propósitos (3,94%). Pertenecer a un determinado perfil se relaciona significativa y positivamente con el esfuerzo dedicado a los deberes, la cantidad de deberes finalizados y con el rendimiento en matemáticas. Conclusiones: La pertenencia a uno u otro perfil puede tener diferentes consecuencias o implicaciones tanto para el comportamiento del alumno (por ejemplo, en cuanto a su implicación en la realización de los deberes y respecto del rendimiento académico) como para la práctica educativa de los profesores y las familias.

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