El Apoyo Parental y el Género Moderan la Relación Entre la Orientación Sexual y la Conducta Suicida en Adolescentes
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Sexual orientation minority groups; Mental health; Suicidal behavior; Personal well-being; Parental support Grupos minoritarios de orientación; sexual; Salud mental; Conducta suicida; Bienestar personal; Apoyo parental

Cómo citar

Pérez-Albéniz, A., Lucas-Molina, B., & Fonseca-Pedrero, E. (2023). El Apoyo Parental y el Género Moderan la Relación Entre la Orientación Sexual y la Conducta Suicida en Adolescentes. Psicothema, 35(3). Recuperado a partir de https://reunido.uniovi.es/index.php/PST/article/view/20133


Antecedentes: la investigación indica que las personas pertenecientes a minorías sexuales tienen un mayor riesgo de sufrir problemas de salud mental. Además, el apoyo parental podría desempeñar un papel protector. El objetivo de este estudio fue examinar, en una muestra representativa de adolescentes, si la orientación sexual estaba relacionada con un mayor riesgo de sufrir problemas de salud mental. Se analizó el posible efecto moderador del apoyo parental en la relación entre la orientación sexual y la salud mental, moderado también por el género de los participantes. Método: participaron 1790 estudiantes de secundaria. Se evaluaron indicadores de dificultades emocionales y conductuales, depresión, experiencias psicóticas, conducta suicida, bienestar y autoestima. Resultados: se encontraron efectos principales significativos de género y orientación sexual. Tener una orientación sexual diversa (es decir, lesbiana/gay, bisexual y questioning) estaba relacionado con mayores dificultades de salud mental. Además, se encontró una interacción significativa del género y la orientación sexual en la conducta suicida. Por último, el apoyo parental y el género moderaron la relación entre la orientación sexual y la conducta suicida. Conclusiones: estos resultados ponen de manifiesto la importancia de promover la salud mental y el bienestar de los jóvenes pertenecientes a minorías sexuales.

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