ResumenResumen: El presente trabajo aborda una revisión del vínculoentre el monasterio de San Pelayo de Oviedo y la monarquíaleonesa, analizando cómo su carácter regio y su tenencia porlas mujeres de sangre real fueron los pilares sobre los queconstruyó su memoria antigua en los siglos centrales de laEdad Media, siendo estas ideas retomadas en la Edad Modernay perdurando, en gran medida, hasta tiempos muy recientes.Palabras clave: Oviedo. San Pelayo. Infantado. Memoria.Alfonso II.Abstract: Royal memory and the Infantado in the monasteryof San Pelayo (Oviedo)Although there were those who believed it had been foundedby king Silo, who would have been burried in its church, themost widespread tradition makes the monastery of San JuanBautista de Oviedo, later San Pelayo, the last foundationmade by king Alfonso II in the vicinity of the church of SanSalvador in Oviedo. However, more recent scholarship hastended to delay the founding of San Pelayo until the time ofAlfonso III based, above all, in the absence of references tothe monastery in the Asturian Chronicles.All indications are that the monastery of San Juan waslinked from the beginning to the celebration of theroyal memory, with the nuns performing liturgy inthe pantheon of Santa María, just as did those of SanJuan and San Pelayo de León, another burial site ofthe royal family which also belonged to the Leoneseinfantas. However, there is some evidence that thisfeature was consciously revived in the second half of thetwelfth century and throughout the thirteenth century,coinciding with the loss of importance of San Pelayo as amain royal nunnery and a head of the Infantado.This paper deals with a review of the link between themonastery of San Pelayo de Oviedo and the Leonesemonarchy, analyzing how its royal status and its tenureby women of royal blood were the pillars on which thenunnery constructed its historical memory in the CentralMiddle Ages, these ideas being taken up in the EarlyModern Age and enduring, largely, until very recenttimes.Keywords: Oviedo. San Pelayo. Infantado. Royalmemory. Alfonso II.
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