Autoeficacia, Motivación y Satisfacción Académica: el Rol Moderador del Número de Amigos en la Universidad
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Palabras clave

Academic satisfaction; Motivation; Friendships at university; Self-efficacy; Self-determination theory Satisfacción académica; Motivaciones; Amistades en la universidad; Autoeficacia; Teoría de la autodeterminación

Cómo citar

Morelli, M., Baiocco, R., Cacciamani, S., Chirumbolo, A., Perrucci, V., & Cattelino, E. (2023). Autoeficacia, Motivación y Satisfacción Académica: el Rol Moderador del Número de Amigos en la Universidad. Psicothema, 35(3). Recuperado a partir de


Antecedentes: La satisfacción académica (SA) es un índice importante del éxito educativo en la universidad. Es importante estudiar qué factores mejoran la AS. Basándose en la teoría cognitiva social, el modelo de Lent y la teoría de la autodeterminación, el presente estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar el papel de la autoeficacia académica (ASE) y las motivaciones para asistir a la universidad en el AS, controlando por sexo y año de curso. Este estudio investigó el efecto moderador de las amistades en la universidad en la relación entre ASE y AS, y entre diferentes motivaciones y AS. Método: 431 estudiantes universitarios italianos completaron una encuesta. Se realizaron cinco análisis de regresión de moderación. Resultados: Tener amigos en la universidad condicionó la relación entre desmotivación y SA y entre motivación extrínseca y SA: cuanto más motivados están los estudiantes o tienen baja motivación extrínseca, más satisfechos están si tienen muchos amigos en la universidad; por el contrario, si los estudiantes están desmotivados o tienen una motivación extrínseca alta, están menos satisfechos independientemente del número de amigos en la universidad. Conclusiones: Un alto número de amigos en la universidad amplifica la importancia de ser autodeterminado en SA. Se discuten las implicaciones educativas

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