Identifying the Old English exponent for the semantic prime LIVE
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Keywords

Natural Semantic Metalanguage
Old English
semantic primes

How to Cite

Mateo Mendaza, R. . (2021). Identifying the Old English exponent for the semantic prime LIVE. SELIM. Journal of the Spanish Society for Medieval English Language and Literature., 26(1), 85-107. https://doi.org/10.17811/selim.26.2021.85-107

Abstract

The aim of this article is to identify the Old English exponent for the semantic prime LIVE following the principles of the Natural Semantic Metalanguage theory (Wierzbicka 1996, Goddard & Wierzbicka 2002, Goddard 2011). The methodology applied in the study is based on previous research in Old English semantic primes. In these terms, a search for those Old English words conveying the meaning of the semantic prime LIVE is made. This search selects the verbs (ge)buan, drohtian, (ge)eardian, (ge)libban, and wunian as candidate words for prime exponent. Then, these verbs are analysed in terms of morphological, textual, semantic, and syntactic criteria. With this purpose, relevant information on these words has been gathered from different lexicographical and textual sources in Old English, such as the Dictionary of Old English, the Dictionary of Old English Corpus, and the lexical database of Old English Nerthus. After the analysis of these verbs, the conclusion is drawn that the Old English verb (ge)libban is selected as prime exponent, as it satisfies the requirements proposed by each criterion.

https://doi.org/10.17811/selim.26.2021.85-107
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